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Behar/Bechukotai | בהר/בחקותי | "On the mountain/In my statutes "
- Torah: Leviticus 25:1-27:34
- Prophets: Jeremiah 16:19-17:14
- Gospel: Luke 13:1-33/John 10:22-42/Luke 14:1-15:32
- Leviticus 25:1 | The Sabbatical Year
- Leviticus 25:8 | The Year of Jubilee
- Leviticus 26:1 | Rewards for Obedience
- Leviticus 26:14 | Penalties for Disobedience
- Leviticus 27:1 | Votive Offerings
- Jer 16:14 | God Will Restore Israel
- Jer 17:1 | Judah's Sin and Punishment
- Jer 17:14 | Jeremiah Prays for Vindication
- Jer 17:19 | Hallow the Sabbath Day
The thirty-second reading from the Torah and second-to-last reading from the book of Leviticus is called Behar (בהר), which means “On the Mountain.” The name comes from the first words of the first verse of the reading, which could be literally translated to read, “The LORD then spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai” (Leviticus 25:1). This portion from the Torah introduces the laws of the sabbatical years, the jubilee and laws concerning redemption. In most years, synagogues read Behar together with the following portion, Bechukotai.
The last reading from the book of Leviticus is called Bechukotai (בחקותי), which means “In My Statutes.” The name comes from the first verse of the reading, which begins with the words “If you walk in My statutes ...” (Leviticus 26:3). This last reading from Leviticus promises blessings and rewards for Israel if they will keep the Torah, but punishment and curses if they break the commandments of the Torah. The last chapter discusses laws pertaining to vows, valuations and tithes. In most years, synagogues read Bechukotai together with the preceding portion, Behar.